Erbil is the largest city of Iraqi Kurdistan and the seat of the regional government. The history of Erbil can be traced back to Neanderthal man. The old part of the city sits on a mound formed by many centuries of continuous habitation. A citadel overlooks the narrow, twisting streets. Shar Park in downtown Erbil offers excellent views of the ancient citadel plus relaxing seating among the fountains.

Erbil is famous for its beautiful handwoven carpets. The Kurdish Textile Museum just inside Erbil Citadel occupies a 19th-century house. The Citadel Bath and Grand Mosque are in the center of the citadel beyond the museum. Erbil is located midway between Mosul and Kirkuk, 200 mi/320 km north of Baghdad.

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