With a history stretching back nearly 3,000 years, Palermo, Italy, has seen many inhabitants, from the Phoenicians to the Greeks and Romans to the Arabs to the Normans. This multitude of cultures left marks on the port city, influencing everything from architecture to food to culture.

Heavy damage during World War II followed by years of neglect took their toll, but the city, a popular port stop for cruises, is making a comeback. It is the ancient (and current) capital of Sicily and the island's largest city.

Palermo is known for its vibrant Vucciria market and the 12th-century Monreale Cathedral, which has some of Italy's most impressive mosaics. The cathedral is 6 mi/8 km west of town.

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