Named for Columbus' patron, King Ferdinand of Spain, this young, uninhabited island off the west coast of Isabela Island is among the more remote in the group. The vast lava fields there are treacherous, and visitors must be careful where they step to avoid breaking the lava and hurting themselves. Its only site for visitors, Punta Espinoza, is a nesting area for marine iguanas, the only species of seagoing iguanas. Thousands of the dragonlike creatures bask in the sun on the black lava rocks off the northern coast. Adjacent dive sites offer the chance to observe penguins. No nonnative plants or animals have ever been introduced to this island, making it one of the most pristine in the archipelago.
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