Bosnia and Herzegovina has made considerable progress in improving its infrastructure since the civil war that officially ended in late 1995. There is commercial air service to Sarajevo, and hotels are available there and in other major towns. Shopping malls have also been built, with the encouragement of foreign investors. But it will take many years to rebuild the nation. The war left empty lots, bombed-out rubble, scorched buildings and ravaged countryside. And that's just the physical damage. The people of Bosnia and Herzegovina experienced some of the worst horrors the 20th century had to offer: rape, murder and genocide. The expression "ethnic cleansing" has become as attached to the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina as the Holocaust is to World War II.
However, the country is making progress economically and socially, and there is a possibility it could eventually join the European Union in the future.
Medjugorje, the religious shrine near the southern border with Croatia, draws thousands of pilgrims a year, adding tourist currencies to the local economy.
If you visit this country, it is recommended—although not vital—that you go by organized tour. This will minimize the risk of encountering unexploded land mines in remote rural areas, which may still be present from the war.
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