The prime attraction of the ancient city of Bosra (founded in 4000 BC) is its Roman amphitheater encased in a medieval Arab fortress. In a nearby archaeological zone, you'll find the third-century AD Bab al Qandil (gate), Roman baths, the Umayyad Mosque of Omar, the Mosque of Fatima and the House of Monk Bohaira monastery.
The town is well worth a long day's visit from Damascus, 65 mi/105 km to the north. If time permits, take the trip 15 mi/25 km east to Salkhad to see the 12th-century fortress (it offers an outstanding view of the region from atop a volcanic mountain). From there, you can go to Suweida or the Roman ruins at Qanawat.
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