Bloemfontein

Overview

Introduction

Located in the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa, is the country's judicial capital. The city, whose name is derived from Dutch for "Fountain of Flowers," was founded in 1846 as a British outpost and has many historic buildings and beautiful parks.

The obelisk of the National Women's Memorial, 120 ft/36 m high, recalls the 26,000 Afrikaner women and children who died in concentration camps during the Anglo-Boer War. There is also a war museum nearby. The National Afrikaans Literary Museum, First Raadsaal (the old town council) and National Botanical Garden are the town's other important sights. Bloemfontein lies 230 mi/375 km southwest of Johannesburg.

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