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Quick Fact

Government & Industry


Canada is a democratic federation, with a parliamentary system of government. As a federation, powers and responsibilities are divided between the federal government and the 10 provincial governments. Canada also has three territorial jurisdictions.

House of Commons, Ottawa

Government branches: The Government of Canada is split into three branches—Executive: the Crown (Queen), Governor General, Prime Minister, Cabinet; Legislative: Parliament (Senate and House of Commons); Judicial: Courts and Constitution. The legislative branch is the Parliament of Canada. An elected House of Commons and appointed Senate make up the Parliament, based in Ottawa, Ontario. Prime Minister: Stephen Harper


Michaëlle Jean


Canadian dollar

Standard of Living

Canada is consistently ranked as one of the top countries in the world for its exceptionally high quality of life. The UN Human Development Index, (which ranks countries in terms of standard of living, health, education, life expectancy, income, poverty levels and environmental quality) places Canada consistently in the top six among a field of 177 countries.

Major Products/Industries

Processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paper products, transportation equipment, chemicals, fish products, petroleum and natural gas.

Major Trading Partners

US, Japan, EU (UK, Germany, France, Belgium, and Netherlands), China, Germany, Mexico and South Korea.

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